By Mary C. Edson, Pamela Buckle Henning, Shankar Sankaran
This consultant is designed for platforms researchers – rising and professional – looking for holistic ways of inquiry into complexity, which the structures Sciences offer. The authors proportion perception into the principles of study that aren't purely systematic by way of rigor, yet systemic in standpoint, research, layout, improvement, implementation, reporting, and overview. This advisor additionally explores researcher skills essential to behavior sound platforms examine. Researchers utilizing this consultant will achieve realizing of what distinguishes structures learn from different kinds of examine and why it is crucial in learn today.
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Additional resources for A Guide to Systems Research: Philosophy, Processes and Practice
We can observe that systems posing the greatest need and challenge for understanding and management today, including ourselves, are what we could call “complex” because they contain both general and self-determined formalities. Presently, there is no accepted theory that combines the two, although many instrumental combinations and coupled models are employed in practice. To accept a theory is one thing, but scientific work demands that theory be formalized in mathematical language, which allows it to be analytically descriptive and synthetically prescriptive.
Hence, it characterizes an action research cycle. Similar iterative loops can occur for observing, reflecting, or planning. Participatory research, or intervention through the development of new information, might be best characterized by iteration based upon observation and interaction. Similarly, planning and visionary cycles can be described. The difference is in which quadrant one iterates. 1). Through this, we can see that PAR analysis is enhanced by understanding the nature of the holon and its logical implications.
Nevertheless, many similar four-cause frameworks exist independently across disciplines, and it is surprising that we have not managed to “connect the dots” to see their commonality. Here we attempt to do that—to describe a general framework for understanding and interacting with complex systems. In addition to these two sources, the framework presented here has deep historical roots. The ontology of four-cause frameworks reaches far back into antiquity. For a good account of its origin in Western Aristotelian philosophy see Lowe (2006).
A Guide to Systems Research: Philosophy, Processes and Practice by Mary C. Edson, Pamela Buckle Henning, Shankar Sankaran