By Mohammed Akram Nadwi
Abu Hanifah Nu'man ibn Thabit was once one of many maximum pioneers within the historical past of Islamic legislation, rather in felony reasoning. The Hanafi criminal college that he based has turn into the main commonly one of the world's Muslims. in keeping with basic assets, this learn of the lifestyles and legacy of Abu Hanifah additionally surveys the evolution of Hanafi felony reasoning (fiqh) in several areas of the Islamic international and assesses its historic distinctiveness.
Mohammed Akram Nadwi is a examine fellow on the Oxford Centre for Islamic stories, and is the writer of a number of works together with al-Muhaddithat: the ladies students in Islam (2007).
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Additional resources for Abu Hanifah. His Life, Legal Method & Legacy
Ammād was a famous imām and the acknowledged master of fiqh in Kufah. He had heard ḥadīths from Anas ibn Mālik, Ḥasan al-Baṣrī, Saīd ibn Jubayr, Abū Wāil, Saīd ibn al-Musayyab, Āmir al-Shabī and Abdullāh ibn Buraydah. He studied fiqh with Ibrāhīm al-Nakhaī, accompanied him as his most prominent student, and succeeded as the head of his school after his death. This school, the most popular in Kufah, counted among its students men of the eminence of Misar ibn Kidām, Sufyān al-Thawrī, Shubah ibn Ḥajjāj, Ḥammād ibn Salamah, Āṣim al-Aḥwal, al-Mughīrah ibn Miqsam and Abū Isḥāq al-Shaybānī.
Abū Ḥanīfah was born in 80 AH during the reign of the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwān (r. 65–86). At that time a small number of the Companions of the Prophet were still living. Among these were Abdullāh ibn Abī Awfā (d. 87), who was in Kufah; Sahl ibn Sad (d. 88); al-Sāib ibn Yazīd (d. 91); Anas ibn Mālik (d. 93), the famous narrator of ḥadīth who later settled in Basrah; Maḥmūd ibn al-Rabī (d. 99); Abū l-Ṭufayl Āmir ibn Wāthilah (d. 102 in Makkah) was the last Companion to die. Abū Ḥanīfah did not study with or narrate ḥadīths from any of the Companions.
114; Makkah), Ḥasan al-Baṣrī (d. 110; Basrah). During this period personal collections of ḥadīths and āthār (reports of the judgements of the Companions) were increasingly set down in writing, and circulated. As students travelled between teachers, and mixed in different places, they exchanged this knowledge with each other. The more scholarly of them began to take note of who had transmitted what from whom, and this academic apparatus supporting ḥadīths and āthār became a part of the knowledge that was circulating ever more widely.
Abu Hanifah. His Life, Legal Method & Legacy by Mohammed Akram Nadwi